of India's Overseas
State Govt Tourist
the Himalayan Kingdom
other countries, today's Nepal, the only Hindu kingdom in the world,
situated in the Himalayas between India and China, also was not a
single political entity in ancient times. There were small small pricipalities
in the region. By late 18th century, Gorkha king Prithvi Narayan Shah
united the priincipalities in the region into one kingdom. Learning
from the experience of India under the British Raj, he banished the
European missionaries from the country. Ironically, that isolation
of a century retarded the progress of the country into a modern state.
it has the Himalayas in the north and the Terai in the south. Mt
Everest is the pride of Nepal (8848 metres). The temperatures
range from 40 degrees Celsius in the Terai in summer to minus 40 degrees
Celsius in the north, as the altitude also increases. Peaks like Kanchenjunga
(8598 metres) and Dhaulagiri (8137 metres) are also located
in the Himalayas. Nepal's most beautiful animal and plant life is
also found here in the north. Snow leopard is one such. The
people here mainly work as porters and guides. In the hilly region
below the Himalayas, between the Himalayas in north and the Terai
in the south, is located the capital of Nepal, Kathmandu. During
summer the temperature reaches 32 degrees Celsius. In winter the capital
records a low of minus 1 degree Celsius. The eastern Nepal hills get
monsoon rains and the west depends on melted snow. The hilly region,
across between the north and the south, can boast of harbouring the
spotted leopard, barking deer and the black bear.
Here also people work as porters and trekking guides. They also sell
garments and carpets. Down south, the Terai has farm lands. The Royal
Bengal Tiger, one-horned rhino and the gharial crocodile
are found here. Industries are coming up. Kolkata in India's east
is the nearest access to the sea for all Nepal.
extremes: Lowest point: Kanchan Kalan 70 m; highest point: Mount
Everest 8,850 m
hazards: Severe thunderstorms, flooding, landslides, drought,
and famine depending on the timing, intensity, and duration of the
Landlocked; strategic location between China and India, contains
eight of world's 10 highest peaks, including Mount Everest - the
world's tallest - on the border with China
27,676,547 (July 2005)
groups: Chhettri 15.5%, Brahman-Hill 12.5%, Magar 7%, Tharu
6.6%, Tamang 5.5%, Newar 5.4%, Muslim 4.2%, Kami 3.9%, Yadav 3.9%,
other 32.7%, unspecified 2.8% (2001 census)
Economy: Tourism is the main source of economy.
Travelling by air: Kathmandu, only international airport.
There are direct flights to Amsterdam, London, Paris, Frankfurt,
Moscow, Munich, Vienna, Abu Dhabi, Doha, Dubai, Karachi, Islamabad,
New Delhi, Mumbai, Patna, Varanasi, Kolkata, Paro, Dhaka, Lhasa,
Bangkok, Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai, Osaka.
Travelling by Road:
There are five official entry points to Nepal: Biratnagar (near
Raxaul), Kadari (on the Chinese border), Bhairahawa (near Sunauli),
Kakarbhitta which connects Nepal with Darjeeling, Sikkim and Siliguri.
Birgunj is the most popular enty point for visitors. Entry into
Lhasa through Kodari needs a visa for Tibet from Chinese embassy.
Vehicles are left-driven. Transport: bus, taxi, hired bike and
bicycle, domestic air service
Visa is required for all except Indians.Visa can be had at the
airport on arrival. Department of Immigration, New Baneshwar,
Kathmandu, Ph 494273; 494337 Trekking Permit is required for Kanchenjunga,
Manaslu, Humla, Dolpa and Mastang.
Airport Phone: 470537; Birgunj-22083; Pokhara- 2008; Bhairawa-20304;
SEASON to visit: Oct
to May is dry season; wet monsoon from June to Sept Best for travel
is sept - Nov.
Varies from cool summers and severe winters in north to subtropical
summers and mild winters in south
Nepali 47.8%, Maithali 12.1%, Bhojpuri 7.4%, Tharu (Dagaura/Rana)
5.8%, Tamang 5.1%, Newar 3.6%, Magar 3.3%, Awadhi 2.4%, other
10%, unspecified 2.5% (2001 census). Many in government and business
also speak English
There are Hinduism, Buddhism and pre-Buddhist Bon
as religions, although Nepal is known as the only Hindu kingdom
in the world. There are diverse ethnic varieties of population.
Coming from the Tibeto-Burman stock, the Sherpa is known
for mountaineering skill. The Sherpas join mountain expeditions.
The great stupas of Swayambhunath and Bouddhanath
are among the oldest and most beautiful worship sites in Kathmandu
valley. Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%,
other 0.9% (2001 census). Nepal in the only official Hindu state
in the world
For Tourist Info: Nepal Tourism Board
Sites in Nepal
in South India,
Uttar Pradesh, Himachal
Pradesh in North India, Assam,
in East India