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COVID DATA January 16, 2022 INDIA: New Cases: 2,71,202 Total Cases: 3,71,22,164 New Deaths: 314 (including old unreported deaths) Total Deaths: 4,86,066 New Tests: 16,65,404 Total Tests: 70,24,48,838 New Vax: 66,21,395 Total Vax: 156,76,15,454 Hot Spot States (daily deaths above 10) Bengal: New Deaths: 39 Total Deaths: 20,052 Delhi: New Deaths: 30 Total Deaths: 25,335 Kerala: New Deaths: 17 Old Unreported Deaths: 89 TPR 26.92% Total Deaths: 50,674 Maharashtra: New Deaths: 23 Total Deaths: 1,41,779 Punjab: New Deaths: 23 Total Deaths: 16,754 Tamil Nadu: New Deaths: 11 Total Deaths: 36,967 - India Travel Times.Com   [Estd: 1998]       * * *    Travel, More Travel, Travel Means A Million Things     * * *    
Norovirus cases confirmed in Kerala; guidelines issued to check its spread

THIRUVANANTHAPURAM, Nov 13: Incidence of norovirus has been confirmed in Wayanad district of Kerala. The infection was reported in 13 students of a veterinary college at Pookode in the district two weeks ago.

The Government on Friday issued guidelines calling for vigilance and instructions for chlorination of drinking water at source to check further spread of the viral infection. Only boiled water must be used for drinking, it cautioned. "Everyone should be aware of the disease and its means of prevention," State Health Minister Veena George said.

Norovirus, also called stomach flu or stomach bug, is a highly contagious disease which leads to gastroenteritis and the symptoms are diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach pain, fever and headache.

There is no vaccine to prevent the disease nor any drugs to treat the illness. Antibiotics is no cure for viral infection. It can take a serious turn if not taken care of without delay. Drinking lots of fluids is the first aid as there will be acute dehydration, say doctors.

Route of infection is oral

One must be aware that the route of infection is oral and it helps in prevention which comes easy with noro. It's done if you wash your hands well before handling or eating food and after using toilet. Don't touch your mouth. Proper washing involves rubbing hands and scrubbing back of the hands, under the nails and between fingers, lathering them well, lasting some 20 seconds in running water. The CDC says if you like you sing a song to measure the time, say, a birthday song, twice! And it will come true!

Norovirus is an animal-borne disease but mostly the stool and vomit of the infected people spread the contagion. The virus is highly contagious because it can stay on objects and surfaces for weeks and infect those coming in contact with the fomites. Therefore, a recovered patient too can infect others during convalescence as the virus stays on active for long. Cleaning spaces contaminated by vomit with chlorine bleach solution is advisable. Wear gloves while washing the patient's utensils and clothes.

Wash fruits and vegetables thoroughly and cooking should be at higher temperatures as noro survives even at 140 deg F (60 deg C).

Most disinfectants won't work. Touching an infected person or contaminated utensils and other fomites and not washing hands thoroughly before taking food or consuming contaminated foods and water cause the disease.

The vulnerable sections like children and the elderly will become extremely sick with the infection. Because there are different types of norovirus, one can contract the infection more than once.

According to the US Centres for Disease Control, every year norovirus causes 19 to 21 million cases of acute gastroenteritis in the US, leading to 56,000 to 71,000 hospitalizations and 570 to 800 deaths.

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