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CORONAVIRUS CASUALTIES (Feb 21):- GLOBAL:- Total Cases: 11,17,07,442; Total Deaths: 24,73,463 Recovered: 8,68,78,799 BELGIUM:- Total Cases: 7,52,379; Total Deaths: 21,887 BRAZIL:- Total Cases: 1,01,39,148; Total deaths: 2,46,006 CANADA:- Total Cases: 8,43,301; Total Deaths: 21,630 CHINA:- Total Cases: 89,831 ; Total Deaths: 4,636 FRANCE:- Total Cases: 35,83,135; Total Deaths: 84,147 GERMANY:- Total Cases: 23,88,417 Total Deaths: 68,343 INDIA:- Total Cases: 1,09,91,651; Total Deaths: 1,56,339 INDONESIA:- Total Cases: 12,78,653; Total Deaths: 34,489 IRAN:- Total Cases: 15,66,081; Total Deaths: 59,409 ITALY:- Total Cases: 27,95,796; Total Deaths: 95,486 JAPAN:- Total Cases: 4,23,311; Total Deaths: 7,333 MEXICO:-Total Cases: 20,38,276; Total Deaths: 1,79,797 NETHERLANDS:- Total Cases: 10,51,965; Total Deaths: 15,200 PHILIPPINES:- Total Cases: 5,61,169; Total Deaths: 12,088 RUSSIA:- Total Cases: 41,64,726; Total Deaths: 83,293 S KOREA:- Total Cases: 86,992; Total Deaths: 1,557 SPAIN:-Total Cases: 31,33,122; Total Deaths: 67,101 SWEDEN:- Total Cases: 6,31,166 Total Deaths: 12,649 SWITZERLAND:-Total Cases: 5,47,775; Total Deaths: 9,886 UAE:- Total Cases: 3,68,175; Total Deaths: 1,108 UK:- Total Cases: 41,05,675; Total Deaths: 1,20,365; US:- Total Cases: 2,87,06,473; Total Deaths: 5,09,875 - India Travel Times.Com   [Estd: 1998]       * * *    Travel, More Travel, Travel Means A Million Things     * * *    
US FDA issues emergency use authorisation for Moderna covid vaccine
The US has approved Moderna vaccine for covid to be administered in the country. A week ago it had approved Pfizer's vaccine which is currently being given on a priority basis. The first country to ever use a covid vaccine (Pfizer) was the UK.

WASHINGTON, Dec 18: The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued EUA (Emergency Use Authorisation) for Moderna covid vaccine on Friday. The emergency use authorization allows the vaccine to be distributed in the US for use in individuals 18 years of age and older, the FDA said.

This is the second covid vaccine the US has approved after Pfizer's, which is currently being administered on a priority basis.

Pfizer's was the first vaccine to be administered in the world against covid. And the first country to use it was the UK. The UK's Medicines and Healthcare products Regulatory Agency (MHRA) had given authorisation for Pfizer vaccine on December 2 and the vaccination started on December 8.

On December 11 the FDA approved the Pfizer's vaccine after President Donald Trump threatened the FDA chief and the vaccination started on December 14.

Moderna has 20 m doses ready for the month to be distributed in the US. In the first quarter of 2021 the pharma will supply 85 to 100 m doses to the US. It plans to manufacture a total of 500 m to 1 b doses in 2021. All vaccines being developed across the world need two doses separated by two-three weeks time gap, except Johnson & Johnsosn.

Like Pfizer, Moderna also uses the latest technology of mRNA. "The (mRNA) (genetic ) code instructs cells in the body to make the virus's distinctive 'spike' protein," which works as the vaccine, the FDA said.

mRNA is a new technology being used in human beings for the first time. Apart from Pfizer and Moderna, one more pharma, Pune's (India) Gennova is using this tech.

An FDA statement said:

"The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine contains messenger RNA (mRNA), which is genetic material. The vaccine contains a small piece of the SARS-CoV-2 virus’s mRNA that instructs cells in the body to make the virus’s distinctive “spike” protein. After a person receives this vaccine, their body produces copies of the spike protein, which does not cause disease, but triggers the immune system to learn to react defensively, producing an immune response against SARS-CoV-2.

"Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is administered as a series of two doses, one month apart. The available safety data to support the EUA include an analysis of 30,351 participants enrolled in an ongoing randomized, placebo-controlled study conducted in the U.S. These participants, 15,185 of whom received the vaccine and 15,166 of whom received saline placebo, were followed for a median of more than two months after receiving the second dose. The most commonly reported side effects, which typically lasted several days, were pain at the injection site, tiredness, headache, muscle pain, chills, joint pain, swollen lymph nodes in the same arm as the injection, nausea and vomiting, and fever. Of note, more people experienced these side effects after the second dose than after the first dose, so it is important for vaccination providers and recipients to expect that there may be some side effects after either dose, but even more so after the second dose."

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